Option 1: Santa Ana, Private Nature Reserve and Jesuit Ruins
Technical visit: producers with reserves included in Native Forests Conservation Law and San Juan Reserve.
Distance from Posadas: 45 km
Approximate duration: 8 hours
Tourist attraction: In the afternoon visit to the Jesuit Reductions of Santa Ana and Loreto, may include San Ignacio Reductions.
Lunch: La Cruz Theme Park (Santa Ana), butterfly garden, orchid garden, trails in the forest.
Campo San Juan Nature Reserve, located south of the province of Misiones, is one of the 14 compensatory reserves of the Yacyretá Binational Entity (EBY). They were created with the general objective of compensating the environments flooded by the reservoir. The ecological importance of Campo San Juan has been highlighted because this area constitutes the most representative sample of the called “fields” (campos) in Misiones. Riverbank forests, islets of native forests where the urunday dominates, floodplains, rocky areas and pastures complete the assembly of vegetal communities that characterize this landscape. Also, the reserve has historical importance because there are still, today, the remains of what was the most important sugar mill in the province of Misiones: the Ingenio San Juan, founded in 1883. In turn, the Jesuit reuins in this area, declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, represent traces of enormous historical and cultural value in what was the experience of the Jesuits in this region and the link they established with the Guarani in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. On the other hand, the Parque de la Cruz Provincial Park, where lunch will be held, offers the largest butterfly garden and one of the most important orchids in the entire region. Here, too, through its paths on the deck, you can live an experience of direct contact with the missionary forest culminating in viewpoints with different views of the Parque de la Cruz.
Option 2: San Ignacio: Teyú Cuaré Provincial Park and Osununú Natural Reserve (Fundaciones Teimakén)
Technical visit: Environmental recovery in protected natural area
Distance from Posadas: 70 km
Duration: 8 hours
Tourist attraction: geological, floristic and ecological peculiarities. History and culture. Endemisms Species of special value.
Lunch: Club de Río (San Ignacio), on the banks of the Paraná River.
The Teyú Cuaré Provincial Park (cave of lizard, in the Guaraní language), located in the town of San Ignacio, about 70 kilometers from Posadas and a few kilometers from the Jesuit ruins, offers a unique scenic beauty in the province and the country, due to its ecological, phytogeographic and botanical characteristics. In the place joins the landscape of the missionary forest, on the banks of the Paraná River, with particular cultural and historical values, in a protected natural area that initially covered an area of 78 hectares, on the coast of the Paraná River, but due to the floods caused by the Yaciretá dam, lost 16% of its original surface. The name comes from the Rock of Teyú Cuaré, a rock almost 60 meters high -on the continuation of the Sierra de Amambay, Paraguay-, which is an excellent viewpoint over the river and the jungle. To enjoy its route, it has four interpretation trails. According to basic studies carried out for the Park´s Management Plan, 20 species of plants are housed in the area, of which 8 are exclusive to the Park and its surroundings, among which the ferns Blechnum asplenioides and Dicranopteris flexuosa stand out, reaching in Teyú Cuaré their southern limit of distribution and the Parodia schumanniana cactus, declared a Provincial Natural Monument, which is an exclusive species of the hill, is only known for its presence in this site and in two hills of Paraguay. The lunch of this visit takes place in the River Club of San Ignacio on the banks of the Paraná River.
Option 3: Obera: Arroyo Ramon Watershed and Enchanted Fall (Salto Encantado)
Technical visit: Pilot site Project GEF-PES Experience of Payment for Ecosystem Services
Distance from Posadas: 120 km
Duration: 8 hours
Tourist attraction: Provincial Park Salto Encantado (Aristóbulo del Valle).
Lunch: Parque de las Naciones, Oberá.
The Arroyo Ramón Watershed is located in a region of great wealth and environmental fragility. A pilot experience is being developed among a group of institutions and rural producers in the area of the upper basin of the stream through a compensation program for water ecosystem services. Farmers in this area receive different types of compensation for the maintenance of the native forests in their farms, the restoration of the protective forest of the stream, as well as the implementation of good productive and / or agricultural practices tending to improve the provision of ecosystem services in the Arroyo Ramón watershed. On the other hand, the Salto Encantado Park is located in the municipalities of Aristóbulo del Valle, Cainguás department and Garuhapé (department Libertador Gral. San Martín). The surface area is 13,195 has crossed by the Cuña Pirú stream (thin woman in Guaraní) that forms the Salto Encantado, a waterfall of more than 60 meters high that gives the name to the Park. It has records of 36 species of mammals, including the yaguareté (if we are lucky, we can see trucks). There are 214 species of birds, such as the yacutinga (Aburria yacutinga) and the widow eagle (Spizastur melanoleucus). As for the flora, communities of white guatambú, black parrot, cedar, lapacho and corporal cane stand out. It is covered in its southern part by the Cuñá Pirú stream, which breaks the landscape. Also, lunch is arranged in the Parque de las Naciones in the picturesque and pleasant city of Oberá. It is an area of 10 hectares where the National Immigrant Festival takes place. There are typical houses of 14 foreign collectives, each with an architectural distinction that makes it unique. Here is also the Historical and Natural Sciences Museum.