Course 1

TITLE: Ecosystems Services concept providing operational solutions for planning towards sustainable management

PART 1 – Biodiversity and Ecosystem services:New concepts and challenges for conservation

‘Over the past 50 years, humans have changed ecosystems more rapidly & extensively than in any comparable period of time in human history, largely to meet rapidly growing demands for food, fresh water, timber, fibre, & fuel. This has resulted in a substantial & largely irreversible loss in the diversity of life on Earth. The structure & functioning of the world’s ecosystems changed more rapidly in the second half of the twentieth century than at any time in human history.’ (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). We are going to discuss the impact on biodiversity considering in particular the example of forests and find out which is the cost of biodiversity loss for society at large. Then will introduce the concept of ecosystem services (ES)what do you know of ‘ecosystem services’? Do you feel it is a valuable concept? How should it be used and communicated? As the concept of ES, is increasingly integrated into international and local policy across Europe and the world, will discuss about perceptions of ecosystem services and the usefulness or not for planning towards sustainable solutions at different territorial levels (from local to global).

Within the framework of this workshop will discuss operational solutions needed to reconciling biodiversity conservation in the light of increasing demands of natural resources and land: Mitigation measures trough adaptive management can contribute to balancing multiple objectives under changing environmental conditions and to improving natural resource and ecosystem services management in a wide range of territories. Different methods and tools will be presented.

Part 2 – Payments for Ecosystem Services: From theory to practice

Despite the positive impact generated by ecosystem services in the world economies and the livelihoods of the poorest inhabitants, the deterioration suffered by the countries’ natural resource base threatens the permanence of this flow of benefits. Although there are several causes that motivate this problem, one of the main reasons from the economic point of view is that many of the ecosystem services can be classified as public goods, that is, goods that cannot be freely offered by the market because the price mechanism does not work as a carrier of correct information regarding the relative scarcity of these services. For this reason, intervention in these markets, usually through an exogenous regulatory body, is necessary to correct the problem of lack of supply. In the context of ecosystem services, this problem poses the challenge of finding financing alternatives to promote and maintain farm-level and landscape-level interventions that can at least stop this trend of degradation of natural resources. The complexity that characterizes this challenge forces us to look for innovative and effective solutions that can provide the necessary economic incentives to those responsible for agricultural and forestry production units to maintain sustainable production patterns or to make the necessary changes to achieve more friendly production methods with the environment.

The second part of the workshop will provide a theoretical-practical framework to understand the conceptual and methodological foundations of payment for ecosystem services schemes (PES), and present the scope and limitations of PES as tools for conservation of biodiversity and use of native forest. We will address the logic behind a PES, its structure and functioning, and the steps for their design. We will also addressquestions such as how to pay and how much to pay for the ecosystem services, and review cases on PES applied to forests from the real world.

RESPONSIBLES

Part 1

Dr. Sandra S. Luque – Directrice de recherche IRSTEA

Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l’environnement et l’agriculture

UMR TETIS Territoires, Environnement, Télédétection et Information Spatiale. Montpellier, France

 

Part 2

Dr. José A. Gobbi – Researcher INTA

GEF-PSE Project Manager

INTA National Institute for Agricultural Technology. EEA Anguil, La Pampa, Argentina

 

Duration: Full day – Sunday 30 September

Language: English

Places: 35 seats

Cost: (includes coffee break, lunch and materials)

Argentine citizens $ 300,00

Non-Argentine citizens US$ 20,00

Location: Centro Regional Misiones -INTA. Ruta Nac. 12 Km 7,5. (3300 ) Villa Miguel Lanús Posadas GPS: 27°25’46.6″S 55°53’29.4″W

Course 2

Title: Collaborative work tools for effective forests and natural resources conservation.

Justification and objectives: As stated in the Human Valuation of Conservation, the construction of favorable scenarios for forest conservation management and biodiversity is key. Likewise, the growing socio-environmental conflict associated with conservation, use and exploitation of natural resources demonstrates the need of strengthening the capacities of different social actors and public institutions to promote appropriate ecosystem governance and sustainable human development. The effective conservation of forests, their species and associated ecosystem services is a complex task where biological factors are interwoven with others of social nature. To have professionals who are able to orient themselves and be effective in the management of complex processes where ecological aspects are intertwined with political, social, organizational, economic and even psychological processes, it is essential to complement their knowledge of natural systems with contributions from social sciences. The management of forests, like any decision-making process on natural resources, involves actors from public and private sectors that defend diverse interests. This course presents a series of principles and tools from conflict transformation field and strategic communication, which aim to strengthen the capacities of participants to understand and manage processes associated with forest management. The approach promotes a transdisciplinary vision that favors the integration of multiple existing knowledge and tools to effectively address real problems on the basis of building consensus. The approach to conflict transformation, collaborative processes and strategic communication is highly effective in changing policies and practices, as it contributes to building coalitions and constructively engaging decision-makers, private interests and other social sectors. In particular, these tools focus on building relationships between actors and use diversity as a strength on the road to a common cause. When all actors have a voice in the policies that affect them, these policies are not only better, but are more feasible to be implemented and not be hampered by litigation or political blockades. These tools of consensus building and communication allow to improve the mutual understanding and articulation capacity around common interests.

Program.      

Day 1.

Part. 1. Planning and public participation. The participation ladder. Participatory processes Advantages and disadvantages. actors Analysis. Work methodologies for planning and participatory decision making. Consensus building: collaborative processes.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            

Day 2 

Part 1. Conflict transformation. conflicts Elements and levels. Interests based     negotiation.                                                                                                                          

Part.2.  Strategic communication. Tools for Strategic Communication Development       Models generation framed in the Movement Nature for All (Commission of Education    and      Communication- IUCN)

 

RESPONSIBLES

Day 1

-Dr. Alexandra Sapoznikow

Foro para la Conservación del Mar Patagónico -Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia San Juan Bosco

Day 2

-Dr. Alexandra Sapoznikow

Foro para la Conservación del Mar Patagónico -Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia San Juan Bosco

-Lic. Ana Julia Gómez

Commission on Education and Communication (UICN)

 

Duration: Full day – Saturday 29 and Sunday 30 September

Language: Spanish

Places: 30 seats

Cost:   (includes coffee break, lunch and materials)

Argentine citizens $ 720,00

            Non-Argentine citizens US$ 30,00

Place:  Centro Regional Misiones -INTA. Ruta Nac. 12 Km 7,5. (3300 ) Villa Miguel Lanús Posadas    GPS: 27°25’46.6″S 55°53’29.4″W