PART 1 – Biodiversity and Ecosystem services:New concepts and challenges for conservation
‘Over the past 50 years, humans have changed ecosystems more rapidly & extensively than in any comparable period of time in human history, largely to meet rapidly growing demands for food, fresh water, timber, fibre, & fuel. This has resulted in a substantial & largely irreversible loss in the diversity of life on Earth. The structure & functioning of the world’s ecosystems changed more rapidly in the second half of the twentieth century than at any time in human history.’ (Millennium Ecosystem Assessment 2005). We are going to discuss the impact on biodiversity considering in particular the example of forests and find out which is the cost of biodiversity loss for society at large. Then will introduce the concept of ecosystem services (ES)what do you know of ‘ecosystem services’? Do you feel it is a valuable concept? How should it be used and communicated? As the concept of ES, is increasingly integrated into international and local policy across Europe and the world, will discuss about perceptions of ecosystem services and the usefulness or not for planning towards sustainable solutions at different territorial levels (from local to global).
Within the framework of this workshop will discuss operational solutions needed to reconciling biodiversity conservation in the light of increasing demands of natural resources and land: Mitigation measures trough adaptive management can contribute to balancing multiple objectives under changing environmental conditions and to improving natural resource and ecosystem services management in a wide range of territories. Different methods and tools will be presented.
Part 2 – Payments for Ecosystem Services: From theory to practice
Despite the positive impact generated by ecosystem services in the world economies and the livelihoods of the poorest inhabitants, the deterioration suffered by the countries’ natural resource base threatens the permanence of this flow of benefits. Although there are several causes that motivate this problem, one of the main reasons from the economic point of view is that many of the ecosystem services can be classified as public goods, that is, goods that cannot be freely offered by the market because the price mechanism does not work as a carrier of correct information regarding the relative scarcity of these services. For this reason, intervention in these markets, usually through an exogenous regulatory body, is necessary to correct the problem of lack of supply. In the context of ecosystem services, this problem poses the challenge of finding financing alternatives to promote and maintain farm-level and landscape-level interventions that can at least stop this trend of degradation of natural resources. The complexity that characterizes this challenge forces us to look for innovative and effective solutions that can provide the necessary economic incentives to those responsible for agricultural and forestry production units to maintain sustainable production patterns or to make the necessary changes to achieve more friendly production methods with the environment.
The second part of the workshop will provide a theoretical-practical framework to understand the conceptual and methodological foundations of payment for ecosystem services schemes (PES), and present the scope and limitations of PES as tools for conservation of biodiversity and use of native forest. We will address the logic behind a PES, its structure and functioning, and the steps for their design. We will also addressquestions such as how to pay and how much to pay for the ecosystem services, and review cases on PES applied to forests from the real world.
Dr. Sandra S. Luque – Directrice de recherche IRSTEA
Institut national de recherche en sciences et technologies pour l’environnement et l’agriculture
UMR TETIS Territoires, Environnement, Télédétection et Information Spatiale. Montpellier, France
Dr. José A. Gobbi – Researcher INTA
GEF-PSE Project Manager
INTA National Institute for Agricultural Technology. EEA Anguil, La Pampa, Argentina
Duration: Full day – Sunday 30 September
Places: 35 seats
Cost: (includes coffee break, lunch and materials)
Argentine citizens $ 300,00
Non-Argentine citizens US$ 20,00
Location: Centro Regional Misiones -INTA. Ruta Nac. 12 Km 7,5. (3300 ) Villa Miguel Lanús Posadas GPS: 27°25’46.6″S 55°53’29.4″W